Annapurna base camp trek itself is a major attractive destination in the whole Himalaya range, likewise around the world. Annapurna base camp is located at the end of the beautiful and scenic Annapurna Sanctuary, within Nepal North Mid-West of Annapurna Himalaya. Compared to other 8,000 meters Mountain base camps, Annapurna base camp is more popular among trekkers due to its accessibility. Anyone can cover the whole trek in a short duration of time, which is quite amazing for the high Himalayan region.
Annapurna Base Camp Trek takes you to the heart of the massive Annapurna Himalaya range of peaks, around the picturesque sanctuary. Early explorers and pioneers christened the name as a sanctuary of god and mountain spirits, certainly a place of heavenly nature. Visitors will be surprised and excited standing beneath the towering Mt. Annapurna-I at 8,091 m / 26,545 feet high. The first 8,000 meters mountain ever climbed in the history of mountaineering was by the French Expedition in early 1950. Wide world travelers might be aware that Mt. Annapurna-I conquered three years before Mt. Everest submitted in 1953.
Annapurna Base Camp is one of the shortest duration adventures in all Himalaya regions for the 8,000-meter base camp trek. Due to its short distance, it became the most popular trek for young and elderly people. To begin with, Annapurna Base Camp trek starts and ends at the scenic Pokhara city, a renowned tourist destination blessed with natural beauty. Located on the laps of high snow-capped peaks of Annapurna Himalaya and majestic Machhapuchare Himal, the famous Fish Tail peak is waiting for you. Pokhara is enriched with beautiful, calm Phewa and Begnas Lakes that both catch magnificent snow-mountain range reflection, on its serene lake surface.
A dramatic change of climate and vegetation
Trek to Annapurna base camp, an amazing, wonderful adventure where trekkers can experience varied changes in a short duration of time. The walk begins from low sub-tropical farmland, a mere distance from Pokhara valley as the climb takes you to cooler hills, where you will be surprised to find such a dramatic change of temperatures along with different vegetation and landscape scenery. It takes a short few hours walk from an altitude of approx. 1,000 m to reach the hill village of Chomrong at 2,170 m, where one can notice a change of climate from warm low farmland to cooler Himalaya hills.
The change of climate from the first day, is one of the main highlights and attractions on route Annapurna Base Camp. Furthermore you will discover different species of vegetation such as rice paddy, rhododendron, magnolia, oaks, and pine trees. As a result, the landscape also changes as the walk leads closer to the mountainous area, walking into the deep gorge of the Modi River. After that, a walk takes you further to reach an open and well-exposed area at the Annapurna Sanctuary and base camp.
Temperatures and altitude variation
The next main attraction of Annapurna base camp trek is a unique change of temperatures along with a variation of altitude range. Walk starts at a minimum height of approx. 1,000 m or less, then reaching mid-hills at above 2,000 m. Elevation gains slowly, from cooler alpine hills to reach arctic zones of ice and glaciers at Annapurna Base Camp.
Annapurna Base Camp is situated at 4, 130 m /13, 549 feet high, located at the end of scenic and beautiful Sanctuary. Amazing and delightful spot at Annapurna base camp, surrounded by an array of peaks of Annapurna Himalaya. Where you feel as if you are in the middle of another pole.
The base camp surrounded by high peaks
The main attraction of Annapurna base camp, is being in the midst of towering mountain range of the massive Annapurna Himalaya. Besides, beautiful panorama of the mountain range at Annapurna Base Camp, you will be standing on the highest point of the adventure.
Marvel the most magnificent panorama of 10th high Mt. Annapurna-I with an array of mountain range of Vara-Shikar / Annapurna Fang (7,847 m), Annapurna South (7,219 m) and Hiunchuli peaks with Annapurna- III (7,855 m), Machhapuchhre Himal, Fish-Tail Peak (6,993 m), extends further east to Annapurna IV (7,525 m), Annapurna II (7,937 m). Super 360-degree wide panorama of Annapurna Himalaya range from Annapurna Base Camp, also on route to and from scenic Pokhara.
The shortest 4,000 m base camp trek in all Himalaya range
Annapurna base camp is an amazing place on earth, located at a mere distance of 35 km as the crow flies. From the low warm areas of Pokhara, and one of the shortest base camp treks in the whole Himalaya range. Where in this world, one can find a place that reaches you from low subtropical temperatures to arctic freezing climate? It is only possible on this trek to Annapurna Base Camp, which starts from a worm farm country to cooler hills.
And then reaching high and scenic Annapurna base camp within the arctic cold zone, just within less than a week's walk. Therefore, it is really a surprising and exciting adventure to Annapurna Base Camp with so much of attraction to experience.
The people, villages, and traditional cultures
Besides, scenic views of landscapes, breathtaking mountain views with varied changes in temperatures, local village culture is one of the main attractions. On this trek to Annapurna base camp and Sanctuary, the adventure takes you to observe varied cultures of hill people. The main tribe of Annapurna Himalaya range is indigenous Gurung people, of Tibetan origin interwoven with Buddhism religion. Also, practice another cult of Shamanism or Jhakri (a form of witch doctor) since the ancient time of Bon religion.
Bon, is the early religion before Tibetan Buddhism was introduced in the 6-7th Century. Worship of shaman and natural mountain spirits is still practiced in Gurung villages, where you will have ample time to witness Gurung ancient culture and custom on a walk to Annapurna base camp. Gurung are farmers as well as breed livestock, women are skilled in making handicraft weaving traditional clothes from the local fiber. The most Gurung menfolk are famous as Gurkha soldiers in the UK, India, and as policemen in Singapore.
Every house in the Gurung villages is adorned with Buddhist colored prayer flags with five colors representing main elements. Blue for the sky, white for cloud/water, red for fire or thunderbolt, green for vegetation, and brown or yellow for earth/soil. The prayer flag is called Lung-Ta, it means wind horse which is printed on the flags with a Buddhist prayer. Gurung celebrates its own new-year known as Lothar / Losar or New Year as per the Tibetan Buddhist calendar.